Texas State Large Mammal


Texas Longhorn Steer

Texas Longhorn Steer; photo by Roy Niswanger on Flickr (use permitted with attribution).


Texas designated the iconic longhorn as the official state large mammal in 1995. The mere sight of a longhorn brings to mind the old west.  "Their long, polished horns sometimes ran six feet from tip to tip ... they were lean and lithe, alert as a deer, half-wild, half-savage, half-human" (from The Saga of Rodeo by cowboy writer Chuck Walters).

In 1493, Columbus brought Spanish cattle to Santa Domingo. Within 200 years their descendents were grazing the ranges of Mexico. Translating wild cattle into hard cash was an epic struggle between man, beast and the elemnts - from this grew the romantic legends of the Western Cowboy. ...In the quarter century following the Civil War, 10 million head were trailed north...Longhorns have ideal characteristics - they can go incredible distances without water; rustle their own food; fend for themselves; swim rivers; and survive the desert sun and winter snow... (condensed from Longhorn History: Texas Longhorn Breeders Association).

"Most bulls today have horn spans of 50 inches or more - 60 inches is now considered normal; many bulls are over 70 and even a couple over 80 inches." - Kirk of TexasLonghorns.com.

Texas Longhorn Herd

Texas also recogized Texas Parks & Wildlife's Foundation herd of longhorns as the official longhorn herd of Texas in 1969. By the 1920's, the  Texas longhorn was on its way to extinction. Due to efforts by Texas Forest Service personnel collecting small herds and placing them in Texas state parks, this unique breed was preserved.



Longhorn steer; large mammal symbol of Texas. Photo by Diana A on Flickr (use permitted with attribution). All State Mammals

Longhorn steer


Learn More about the Texas Long Horn