National (U.S.) Motto


National motto on U.S. penny

National motto In God we Trust on U.S. penny (public domain image on Wikipedia).

In God We Trust

In 1956 the President approved a Joint Resolution of the 84th Congress declaring IN GOD WE TRUST as the national motto of the United States. Most Americans are only familiar with the first verse of Francis Scott Key's 1814 poem The Star Spangled Banner, but the fourth verse includes: And this be our motto: In God is our trust.

The original motto of the United States was E Pluribus Unum (Latin for one from many or one from many parts), referring to the welding of a single federal state from a group of individual political units (the original colonies, now states). E Pluribus Unum remains on the Great Seal of the United States. Each of the 50 United States also has an official motto.

From U.S. Department of the Treasury:

IN GOD WE TRUST first appeared on the 1864 two-cent coin. The motto has been in continuous use on the one-cent coin since 1909, and on the ten-cent coin since 1916. It also has appeared on all gold coins and silver dollar coins, half-dollar coins, and quarter-dollar coins struck since July 1, 1908.

National (U.S.)


Great Seal of United States (obverse): E Pluribus Unum (public domain photo on Wikipedia).

Great Seal of United States (obverse): E Pluribus Unum

The national motto "In God We Trust" on reverse of U.S. one-dollar bill (public domain image on Wikipedia).

"In God We Trust" on US one-dollar bill