Sugar Maple

Wisconsin State Tree

SugarMapleLeavesGreen.jpg

Sugar maple leaves

Sugar maple leaves; photo by Naoko Takano on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike).

Sugar Maple

The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) was designated the state tree of Wisconsin in 1949. Sometimes called hard maple or rock maple, sugar maple is one of the largest and more important of the hardwoods. Sap from the trunks of sugar maples is used to make maple syrup. Sugar maple trees seldom flower until they are at least 22 years old, but they can also live 300 to 400 years.

Sugar maple tree trunks are tapped early in the spring to collect their sap.The sap is boiled into a syrup, or concentrated further with evaporation to produce maple sugar. 34 gallons of sap are required to produce 1 gallon of maple syrup (or 8 pounds of maple sugar). The leaves of sugar maple trees turn brilliant colors of red and gold in the fall.

Wisconsin

Images

The mighty oak (national tree symbol of USA); photo by Christopher Bruno on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike).

The Mighty Oak

Sugar maple tree in glorious fall colors; photo by  Steven Severinghaus on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike)

Sugar maple tree in glorious fall colors

Range of Acer saccharum (sugar maple) in North America (public domain image on Wikipedia).

Sugar maple tree trunk photo © 2006 Derek Ramsey on Wikipedia, published under terms of Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License.

Brilliant colors from the leaves of one sugar maple tree in the fall - taken from photo of autumn leaves by Chris Glass on Wikipedia - published under Creative Commons License 2.0.