Alaska's state flag features the Big Dipper (Ursa Major or Great Bear constellation) as a symbol of strength, and Polaris (the North Star ) as a symbol of Alaska's northern location and "the ever constant star for the mariner, the explorer, hunter, trapper, prospector, woodsman, and the surveyor..." (quote from legislation).
History of Alaska's Flag
The Alaska state flag (selected for its simplicity, originality, and symbolism) was created by Benny Benson, a 13 year old 7th grader from an orphanage in Seward, Alaska (John Bell Bensona; 1913-1972). Seward honors him with a monument on 3rd Avenue. Alaska's state song is titled "Alaska's Flag."