Seal of Oklahoma
The great seal of Oklahoma is rich with symbols of the history of the state. The seal features a five-pointed star; in the center of the star is the Oklahoma state motto: "Labor Omnia Vincit" (Labor conquers all things). Columbia, a symbol of justice, stands between a pioneer and an American Indian clasping hands (the central figures and wreath are from the great seal of the territory of Oklahoma).
In the rays of the large center star are the official seals of the five civilized Indian Nations that inhabited most of the area of present eastern Oklahoma:
The top ray displays the seal of the Chickasaw Nation with an Indian warrior holding a bow and shield.
The upper left-hand ray shows the seal of the Cherokee Nation - a seven-pointed star bearing a wreath of oak leaves.
The upper right-hand ray is the emblem of the Choctaw Nation, composed of a tomahawk, a bow, and three crossed arrows.
The lower left-hand ray is the seal of the Creek Nation - a sheaf of wheat and a plow.
The lower right-hand ray shows the seal of the Seminole Nation - houses and a factory on the shore of a lake with an Indian hunter paddling a canoe.
The forty-five small stars surrounding the central star are symbols of the forty-five states which comprised the Union at the time Oklahoma became a state in 1907.