Sugar Maple

New York State Tree


Autumn sugar maple leaves

Orange and red Autumn sugar maple leaves; photo by Jen Goellnitz on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

Sugar Maple

The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) was designated the state tree of New York in 1956. Sometimes called hard maple or rock maple, sugar maple is one of the largest and more important of the hardwoods. Sap from the trunks of sugar maples is used to make maple syrup. Sugar maple leaves also turn bright colors in autumn, contributing to New York's spectacular fall foliage. Sugar maple trees seldom flower until they are at least 22 years old, but they can also live 300 to 400 years.

Sugar maple tree trunks are tapped early in the spring to collect their sap.The sap is boiled into a syrup, or concentrated further with evaporation to produce maple sugar. 34 gallons of sap are required to produce 1 gallon of maple syrup (or 8 pounds of maple sugar). The leaves of sugar maple trees turn brilliant colors of red and gold in the fall. 

New York


Range of Acer saccharum (sugar maple) in North America (public domain image on Wikipedia).

Sugar maple tree in glorious fall colors; photo by  Steven Severinghaus on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike)

Sugar maple tree in glorious fall colors

Sugar maple leaves; photo by Naoko Takano on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike).

Sugar maple leaves


Trees with Don Leopold - sugar maple