Origin of "New Mexico"

New Mexico State Name Origin

newmexico_usgs2.jpg

New Mexico geology and topography

New Mexico geology and topography map: courtesy of USGS: A Tapestry of Time and Terrain.

What does "New Mexico" mean?

New Mexico was named by the Spanish for lands north of the Rio Grande (the upper region of the Rio Grande was called Nuevo Mexico as early as 1561). The name was anglicized and applied to the land ceded to the United States by Mexico after the Mexican American War.

Mexico is an Aztec word meaning "place of Mexitli" (an Aztec god). New Mexico became the 47th state on January 6, 1912.

New Mexico

Images

The state of New Mexico USA (public domain image).

New Mexico USA