Western Meadowlark

Montana State Bird


Western meadowlark

Western meadowlark; photo by Dave Soldano on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

Western Meadowlark

The western meadowlark was designated the official state bird of Montana in 1931. The western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) is a familiar songbird of open country across the western two-thirds of the continent, and was chosen overwhelmingly by Montana's school children to represent the state.

In the same family as blackbirds and orioles, adults have a black and white striped head; long, pointed bill; yellow cheeks; bright yellow throat; and a distinctive black "V" on breast. The western meadowlark is often seen perched on fence-posts in grasslands and agricultural areas singing its distinct 7-10 note melody (their flute-like song usually ends with 3 descending notes).

Western meadowlarks forage on the ground and beneath the soil for insects, grain and weed seeds (it's estimated that at least 65-70% of their diet consists of beetles, cutworms, caterpillars, grasshoppers, spiders, sow bugs, and snails). They also nest on the ground - constructing a cup of dried grasses and bark woven into the surrounding vegetation. This nest may be open or have a partial or full grass roof, and sometimes a grass entry tunnel several feet long.

Western meadowlark predators include hawks, crows, skunks, coyotes, raccoons, and weasels. Western meadowlarks are still abundant but declining throughout their range; they are a protected non-game species.



Western meadowlark singing; photo © Andrew Williams / Critterzone: Animal Pictures, Nature Stock Photography (all rights reserved; used by permission).

Western meadowlark singing

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta); photo by Dan Dzurisin on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Western meadowlark singing; photo © Richard Mousel / Critterzone: Animal Pictures, Nature Stock Photography (all rights reserved; used by permission).

Western meadowlark singing


Western Meadowlark