Black-Eyed Susan

Maryland State Flower


Black-eyed susan

Black-eyed susan; photo by Dendroica cerulea on Flickr (use permitted with attribution).

Black-Eyed Susan

Maryland designated the black-eyed susan as the official state floral emblem in 1918. The black-eyed susan is a daisy-like wildflower with yellow petals and a dark brown center that grows in dry places. A member of the sunflower family and native to the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, black-eyed susans are common in Maryland fields and roadsides.

Black-eyed susan plants reach 2 to 3 feet in height, blooming between May and August. The flower heads measure 2 to 3 inches in diameter. The scientific name is Rudbeckia hirta - "hirta" is Latin for "rough hairy" (as the prominent center of the flower is).

The root of the black-eyed susan is used in traditional and folk remedies to treat colds.



Black-eyed susans; photo by PARSHOTAM LAL TANDON on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike).

Black-eyed susans

Black-eyed susan flower; photo © John Stenberg on Flickr (all rights reserved; used by permission).

Black-eyed susan