Wild Prairie Rose

Iowa State Flower


Wild prairie rose

Wild prairie rose; photo by Ed Rascaille on Flickr (all rights reserved; used by permission).

Wild Prairie Rose

The wild rose was adopted as the state flower of Iowa in 1897. Although no particular species was designated by the Iowa Legislature, the wild prairie rose (Rosa Pratincola) is usually cited as the official flower.

Wild roses bloom from June through late summer throughout Iowa - the petals come in varying shades of pink, with yellow stamens decorating the flower's center. The rose has been around for about 35 million years and grows naturally throughout North America. The petals and rose hips are edible and have been used in medicines since ancient times.

Rose hips (the fruit of the rose which forms at base of the flower) are a nutritional treasure chest - rich in vitamins (C, E, and K), pectin, beta-carotene, and bio-flavinoids. These elements produce a strong antioxidant effect which protects and enhances the immune system. Rose hips improve blood cholesterol and pressure, digestive efficiency, and weight management (and are also a special winter treat for birds and wild animals).

The rose is our national flower and the state flower of New York, the Cherokee rose is the state flower of Georgia, and the wild prairie rose is also the state flower of North Dakota.



Wild prairie rose; photo by jinjian liang on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

Wild prairie rose