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Texas State Tree

Pecan tree foliage - click to see all state trees
Texas pecan tree - photo © n2teaching on Flickr
(noncommercial use permitted with attribution).

Pecan Tree

The Pecan treee (Carya illinoensis) was designated the official state tree of Texas in 1919 (and the pecan was adopted as the state health nut in 2001). Fossil remains found in Texas show that our native pecan tree was here long before humans came on the scene. Remarkably long lived, the pecan can survive more than a thousand years and grow over 100 feet tall.

Many American Indians relied on pecans as an important food staple; they gathered wild pecans and combined them with fruits and vegetables (including beans, corn, and squashes), created an energy drink with pecan milk, used ground pecan meal to thicken meat stews, and included roasted pecans as part of their travel supplies to sustain them along the journey when food was scarce.

Pecans on tree - click to see all state trees
Ripe pecans on the tree - photo © Corey Leopold on Flickr -
use permitted with attribution

Besides producing the delicious pecan nut, pecan wood is used in agricultural implements, baseball bats, hammer handles, furniture, wall paneling, flooring, carvings, and firewood. The Pecan tree was designated the state tree of Texas in 1919.

young pecan tree - click to see all state trees
Young pecan tree © 2000 Rosie Lerner, Purdue University: Purdue U Horticulture & Landscape Architecture (used by permission)
Source:
Pecan History, Folklore, & more: Vegetarians in Paradise
Nutty Facts: National Pecan Shellers Association
Budding Pecan Tree Growers-Native American Crop: USDA
Links:
Pecan - Texas State Health Nut
All State Trees

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What are your State Symbols?
State Symbols USA is a nonprofit organization promoting the conservation
and appreciation of our natural treasures and cultural heritage.
 

Texas Symbols & Icons:

air force - tie
footwear - music  
artist - bird
bread - cooking  
dinosaur - dog  
dish - snack
fabric - tartan
folk dance
fish - insect
flag - pledge
flower - plant
gem - stone
hall of fame
instrument
 

mammal 1-2-3  
sport - vehicle
metal - molecule
name - nickname
pastry 1 2 - nut
pepper 1-2 - fruit
plays - railroad
reptile - shell
seal -quarter - motto
ship -tall ship
shrub 1-2
song 1-2
tree -grass -soil
vegetable
 

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Texas Gifts - Gifts by State