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USA (national)

Texas State Grass

Sideoats grama - click to see all state flowers & plants
Sideoats grama grass - photo © Mike Haddock: Sideoats Grama - Kansas
State U Libraries (used by permission). See All State Flowers & plants.

Sideoats Grama Prairie Grass

Texas designated sideoats grama as the official state grass in 1971. Sideoats grama is a native species of prairie grass found on rocky hillsides and dry, open grassland. "Side-oats" refers to the small oat-like seeds that hang down uniformly on one side of the seed stem. Sideoats grama prairie grass is a nutritious food for foraging wildlife and livestock. The bright purple and orange flowers of sideoats grama give it a special grace and beauty.

Grasslands cover one third of the Earth's land surface. Grassland plants are mostly grasses and forbs (herbaceous broadleaf plants or wildflowers). A prairie is a particular type of grassland.

The North American prairie is one of the most endangered ecosystems on earth. The grasslands of North America began to form about 20 million years ago, but in some areas up to 99 percent of the prairie has been destroyed (in just the last 125-150 years).

Source:
Grasses & Forbs at Prairie Exhibit: Smithsonian Nat. Zoo
Sideoats grama: Texas A & M University
Links:
Grasslands: Texas Historical Association
Biomes of the World: Missouri Botanical Garden
Wildflowers & Grasses: Kansas State U Libraries
Endangered Plants in Texas and U.S.: Texas Parks & Wildlife
Prairie Grasses: Lederman Science Education Center
Prairie Grass Cultural Guide: photos by Prairie Frontier
Ornamental Grasses for Midwest: U of Missouri Extension
All State Flowers & plants - National Flower

    

Texas Gifts - Gifts by State

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appreciation for our natural treasures and cultural heritage.
 

Texas Symbols & Icons:

air force - tie
footwear - music  
artist - bird
bread - cooking  
dinosaur - dog  
dish - snack
fabric - tartan
folk dance
fish - insect
flag - pledge
flower - plant
gem - stone
hall of fame
instrument
 

mammal 1-2-3  
sport - vehicle
metal - molecule
name - nickname
pastry 1 2 - nut
pepper 1-2 - fruit
plays - railroad
reptile - shell
seal -quarter - motto
ship -tall ship
shrub 1-2
song 1-2
tree -grass -soil
vegetable
 

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