South Carolina designated the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) as the official state reptile in 1988. Loggerhead sea turtles are listed as threatened with extinction, partially due to destruction of their nesting habitats. They make an extended migration between their feeding grounds and rookeries, and South Carolina has some of the most pristine nesting areas for loggerhead sea turtles on the eastern coast.
Adult loggerhead sea turtle; photo by Dan Bodenstein on Flickr
(noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works). See All State Reptiles.