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New Mexico State Flower:

Yucca blossom - click to see all state flowers
Yucca blossom photo © Andy Williams / CritterZone: Animal - Wildlife -
Nature Stock Photography
: copyrighted image (no use allowed
without a license; contact CritterZone for commercial application
license). See All State Flowers - National Flower.

Yucca

New Mexico designated the blossom of the desert yucca plant (pronounced “yuh-ka”) as the state flower in 1927. The yucca flower was selected by the schoolchildren of New Mexico and was recommended by the New Mexico Federation of Women's Clubs. The legislation does not specify a particular species of yucca (yucca consists of 40-50 species of perennials, shrubs, and trees native to the hot and dry parts of North America, Central America, and the West Indies).

Seeing these lovely flowers in abundance on the plains and deserts of New Mexico, early settlers called them “our Lord’s candles.” The roots of yucca glauca (or soapweed yucca) were also found to be an excellent substitute for soap and shampoo, as was yucca elata (commonly called "soaptree yucca").

Blooming yucca - click to see all state flowers
Blooming yucca elata (soaptree yucca); photo by Stan Shebs / Wikipedia. See All State Flowers - National Flower.

Yuccas have a unique, specialized pollination system. They are pollinated by the yucca moth, which carefully and deliberately transfers the pollen from the stamens of one plant to the stigma of another, and at the same time lays an egg in the flower. The moth larvae then consumes a small amount of the developing seeds.

Many yuccas have edible parts, including fruits, seeds, flowers, stems, and sometimes the roots. Dried yucca wood has the lowest ignition temperature of any wood, which makes it desirable for starting fires.

Yucca forest in the desert - click to see all state flowers
Yucca in Desert National Wildlife Refuge; photo by John and Karen Hollingsworth / USFWS. See All State Flowers - National Flower.
Source:
Yucca: Wikipedia.org
Yucca blossom photo © Andy Williams / CritterZone:
Animal - Wildlife - Nature Stock Photography
Copyrighted image - no use allowed without a license
(contact CritterZone for commercial application license)
Links:
All State Flowers - National Flower

    

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