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USA (national)

Missouri State Tree:

Flowering dogwood - click to see all state trees
Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) blooming in April in Missouri
- public domain photo on Wikipedia. See All State Trees - National Tree.

Flowering Dogwood

Missouri designated the flowering dogwood (Cornus Florida L.) as the official state arboreal emblem (state tree) in 1955. Dogwood (also a state symbol of Virginia and New Jersey) is a small, deciduous tree with graceful branches that bloom in spring with large showy flowers (usually greenish-white, sometimes pink or yellow). The dogwood develops red berries in autumn, and the leaves also turn a deep red before falling for winter.

Dogwood berries - click to see all state trees
Photo of Dogwood (Cornus florida) berries encased in ice
image from Wikipedia.org. See All State Trees - National Tree.

The word dogwood stems from dagwood (from the use of the very hard wood for making 'dags,' or daggers). The wood was also valued for making loom shuttles, arrows, tool handles, and other small items that required a very hard, strong wood. Larger items were also made of dogwood such as the screw in basket-style wine or fruit presses.

An earlier name of the dogwood is the whipple-tree. The name "dog-tree" was being used by 1548, and finally dogwood by 1614. Once the name dogwood was used for the tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the hound's tree, and the fruit became known as dogberries or houndberries. It is possible that the common name of dogwood developed because dogs were washed with a brew from its bark.

Source:
State Symbols of Missouri: Missouri Secretary of State
Dogwood: Wikipedia.org, the free encyclopedia
Links:
All State Trees - National Tree

    

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