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Kaua'i Island Lei Material

Mokihana berries - click to see all state flowers
Mokihana berries and foliage on Wai`alalae Trail, Kaua`i Island, Hawaii - photo by Warren L. Wagner / Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (non-commercial use permitted - image use policy). See All State Flowers - National Flower.

Mokihana Berry

The mokihana berry is the official island lei material of Kaua'i. The mokihana is a native citrus tree (Rutaceae Melicope anisata). Other common names for mokihana berry: alani, alani kuahiwi, mokehana. The leathery anise-scented fruit must be strung within a few hours of picking. Hawaiian women and men both wear the strung berries as leis and the anise-scented twigs and berries were once a favorite perfume (placed between the folds of tapa cloths).

Mokihana belongs to the genus Pelea, derived from the Hawaiian goddess of the volcano, (Melicope Pele). Native to Kaua'i Island of Hawa'i, the mokihana grows to a height of 6 to 25 feet in moist to wet forests at elevations from 1,200 to 4,000 feet.

Official Island Flowers

Each Hawaiian island also designates an official flower or lei material (as well as an official island color) - Hawai'i: red pua lehua ('ohi'a blossom), Maui: lokelani (pink Damask rose), O'ahu: pua 'ilima, Kaua'i: mokihana berry,  Moloka'i - Pua Kukui (blossom of candlenut tree), Lana'i: kauna'oa (native dodder), Ni'ihau: pupu (tiny seashells), and Kaho'olawe: hinahina (native beach heliotrope).

The Hawaiian islands - click to see all state flowers
The Hawaiian islands. See All State Flowers - National Flower.
Source:
Meet the Plants: National Tropical Botanical Garden
Mokihana Plant: Kapi’olani Community College
Links:
All State Flowers - National Flower

    

Hawaii Gifts - Gifts by State

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