New Mexico Spadefoot Toad
The New Mexico spadefoot toad (Spea multiplicata) was designated the official state amphibian of New Mexico in 2003. Distinguised by eyes with vertical pupils that sit close to the top of its head and small, hard, wedge-shaped structures on the hind legs used for digging into moist soil. New Mexico spadefoot toads remain underground until rains fill low areas with water.
The voice of the New Mexico spadefoot sounds like a fingernail running across the teeth of a comb. These toads vary in color, between gray, brown or dusky green. It is found in all of New Mexico's 33 counties. When threatened, the New Mexico spadefoot toad emits an odor said to smell like roasted peanuts.