New Mexico Spadefoot Toad

New Mexico State Amphibian

NewMexicoSpadefootToadNM.jpg

New Mexico spadefoot toad

New Mexico spadefoot toad in Albuquerque, NM showing vertical pupil of eye; photo by J. N. Stuart on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

New Mexico Spadefoot Toad

The New Mexico spadefoot toad (Spea multiplicata) was designated the official state amphibian of New Mexico in 2003. Distinguised by eyes with vertical pupils that sit close to the top of its head and small, hard, wedge-shaped structures on the hind legs used for digging into moist soil. New Mexico spadefoot toads remain underground until rains fill low areas with water. 

The voice of the New Mexico spadefoot sounds like a fingernail running across the teeth of a comb. These toads vary in color, between gray, brown or dusky green. It is found in all of New Mexico's 33 counties. When threatened, the New Mexico spadefoot toad emits an odor said to smell like roasted peanuts.

New Mexico

Images

New Mexico spadefoot toad calling for a mate in Albuquerque, NM; photo by J. N. Stuart on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

New Mexico spadefoot toad calling for a mate

Male and female New Mexico spadefoot toads (Spea multiplicata) in a rain pool in Albuquerque, NM; photo by J. N. Stuart on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

New Mexico spadefoot toads (Spea multiplicata)