Official State Amphibian of New Mexico
The New Mexico spadefoot toad (Spea multiplicata) was designated the official state amphibian of New Mexico in 2003. Distinguised by eyes with vertical pupils that sit close to the top of its head and small, hard, wedge-shaped structures on the hind legs used for digging into moist soil. The voice of the New Mexico spadefoot sounds like a fingernail running across the teeth of a comb.
Spadefoot Toad Facts
New Mexico spadefoot toads remain underground until rains fill low areas with water.
Spadefoot toads vary in color, between gray, brown or dusky green.
The spadefoot toad is found in all of New Mexico's 33 counties.
When threatened, the New Mexico spadefoot toad emits an odor said to smell like roasted peanuts.